Common Sandpiper

Common name: Common Sandpiper Binomial name: Actitis hypoleucos Description: It is a 25cm large barbet with a brown head and underparts, and mostly green wings and back. It has distinctive bright yellow periorbital features and a pinkish- yellow bill. Call: A two- note "hoo- hook" call. Diet: Fruits, especially figs. Habitat: Secondary forests, scrubs, parklands.... Continue Reading →

Straw- headed Bulbul

Common name: Straw- headed bulbul Binomial name: Pycnonotus zeylanicus Description: It is the largest bulbul in the region, measuring 30cm. It has an orange head and olive- green plumage. Its breast and nape bear fine white streaks, and it has a thick black V- shaped streak that runs through its eyes and extends behind its... Continue Reading →

White- crested Laughingthrush

Common name: White- crested laughingthrush Binomial name: Garrulax leucolophus Description: It is a 30cm laughingthrush with a characteristically voluminous white crest. It also bears an easily recognizable elongated black eye- mask. The rest of its plumage is mostly brown and rufescent. Call: Loud, cackling outbursts with short syllables such as "ow" and "uu-ahhh". Diet: Fruits,... Continue Reading →

Oriental Darter

Common name: Oriental darter Binomial name: Anhinga melanogaster Description: It is part of the anhinga family, and has a kink in its neck at the 8th- 9th vertebra that allows it to flex and dart forward with rapid force to stab at fish underwater. The edges of the commissures of its mandibles have minute inward... Continue Reading →

White- Throated Kingfisher

Common name: White- throated kingfisher Binomial name: Halcyon smyrnensis Description: A large 28cm kingfisher which has chestnut plumage, and bright blue back and wings. Its throat and breast are white, giving it its name. Call: Weeoooo- ooo- ooo- ooo- ooo whinnying call. Diet: Insects, snakes, fish, frogs, crustaceans. Habitat: Secondary forests, parkland, reservoirs. Native countries:... Continue Reading →

Brown Shrike

Common name: Brown Shrike Binomial name: Lanius cristatus Description: It is a medium- sized 20cm shrike with brown upper parts and a creamy underside. Like most other shrikes, it has a distinctive black bandit- mask through the eyes. Call: A repeated trilling "chee- chee- cheee". Diet: Insects mostly, occasionally small reptiles and smaller birds. Habitat:... Continue Reading →

Blue Peacock

Common name: Blue Peacock/ Indian Peafowl Binomial name: Pavo cristatus Description: It is a large 110cm long bird bill to tail, and may have a train fully grown to as long as another 100cm. It is among the largest of the Phasianidae. The male has a metallic blue crown with a fan- shaped bluish- green... Continue Reading →

Brahminy Kite

Common name: Brahminy Kite Binomial name: Haliastur indus Description: It is a 50cm distinctive and contrastingly coloured bird with chestnut plumage and a white head and breast, as well as black wing tips. The juveniles are browner overall, and can be distinguished from the rarer black kites by its paler appearance and its rounded tail... Continue Reading →


Common name: Whimbrel Binomial name: Numenius phaeopus Description: It is a 40cm long wader in the Scolopacidae family, with mainly greyish- brown upper plumage and white back. It has a prominent brown lateral eye stripe and broad whitish brow which distinguishes it from the larger Eurasian curlew. It also has a long curved bill. Call:... Continue Reading →

Lesser Adjutant

Common name: Lesser Adjutant Binomial name: Leptoptilos javanicus Description: A large 120 cm wading bird in the Ciconiidae stork family. It has a pale head, black upper plumage and white belly. During breeding season, its face is reddish and its neck orange. It retracts its neck in flight. It lacks the pendulous neck pouch seen... Continue Reading →

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